The Benefits of Java

Java always seems to come out on top; it’s a well-loved and popularly implemented language and there's a whole host of reasons why. Here’s our run-down of some of the main benefits of Java programming.

For many, programming begins and ends with Java. It is arguably one of the most popular languages of choice, predominantly used to create web applications, customised software and web portals. It consistently leads the way among annual programming popularity indexes [1] and is generally the front-running language. But where has Java sprung from and why does it have such a loyal following?

Java’s Come a Long Way…

Since its invention in 1991 by James Gosling of Sun Microsystems, Java has come on leaps and bounds. Oracle is now responsible for the languages evolution, which has seen the object-oriented language taken on by a massive 9 million developers globally.

 “Today, Java not only permeates the Internet, but also is the invisible force behind many of the applications and devices that power our day-to-day lives. From mobile phones to handheld devices, games and navigation systems to e-business solutions, Java is everywhere!” – Oracle [2].

Java and Its 6 Main Benefits

User and Designer Friendly:

Java is incredibly user and design friendly and known to be fairly easy to learn. With Java’s ability to use, write, compile and debug easily being at the core of its design, it’s often favoured over some of the more complex programming languages. Not only is it determined as relatively simplistic, developers also favour what is determined as its vibrant nature and behaviour.

“Write Once, Run Anywhere”…

...One of Java’s main intentions. This means that the language is platform independent at both the source and binary levels, encouraging incredibly simple development. Platform independence is a significate advantage as it has the ability to move from one computer system to another; the same program can be run on several different systems.

It’s Object Oriented:

Of course, an object-oriented programming (OOP) language might not be seen as a massive benefit in the minds of all developers; however these languages are generally desired. OOP language models are organised around objects over actions and data over logic. This means that it has advantages in the ability to create modular programs and reusable code, this again simplifies development.


Java is an extremely robust language, or in other words, it’s reliable. This reliability stems from Java’s ability to perform early and thorough checks for all possible errors. Java compilers have the capability to detect a whole array of problems that when working with most other languages, would only show up during execution time, this is mainly thanks to Java’s strong memory allocation and automatic garbage collection ability.

Java is Secure:

Security is a feature at the heart of Java’s design; it’s recognised for its safe programming which mechanically devoids corruption or infection. The languages security model is intended to help and protect users from hostile programs. Of course, safety and security should be the focus of all developer’s needs, a widely recognised benefit.

Mobile Development:

There is also an argument that Java can be used in order to successfully facilitate mobile development, specifically beneficial within the android development market. This shows that the language as extremely flexible, able to be utilised for a number of different development purposes, another reason that Java won't be going anywhere anytime soon; it's multifaceted. 

So, Is Java Always the Answer?

Of course, it’s clear that Java is extremely popular and is often seen as the go-to language for many developers (9 million in fact!), but does this mean that it’s the best language out there? There are a ton of benefits that make its popularity understandable, yet it’s important to note that all languages have their own advantages and pitfalls, in fact; languages should be chosen based on the needs and requirements of a developer and their projects, rather than their reputation.

However, it’s safe to say that the benefits listed above do speak for themselves; Java is definitely worthy of its title and has come a long way in changing software development. But of course, each language has an abundance of its own benefits, and ultimately, languages should be chosen based on developer’s needs and requirements rather than reputation alone. 

Take a look at our current Java based job roles or have a go at our quiz which tells you which programming language you should learn